The Kálnoky Foundation supports Transylvania's sustainable development by preserving the traditional ties of local communities with their cultural and natural heritage. It combines the conservation of built heritage and traditional landscapes with community based projects to increase the sources of livelihood and protect cultural identity.
It focuses on a region in Eastern Transylvania populated by a majority of Székelys, a Hungarian-speaking ethnic group. The Székelys were at one time considered to be the finest warriors of medieval Transylvania, defending Europe's border against numerous invasions from the East. The Székelys live in the forested valleys and hills of the Eastern Carpathian Mountains, Transylvania, corresponding to the present day Harghita, Covasna and parts of Mureș counties in Romania.
The Foundation's activities focus on the well-being of rural communities by: